Gum disease in children (periodontal disease) is a very serious bacterial disease which destroys the gums and nearby mouth tissues. Find out more about gum disease in kids by reading this article.
Types of gum diseases in children
- Chronic gingivitis
This type of bacterial disease usually causes tissues of the gum to swell, bleed easily and turn red.
- Aggressive periodontitis
It normally affects the incisors and first molars of young adults. It features extreme loss of bone of the alveolar.
- Generalized aggressive periodontitis
It is characterized by huge accumulations of calculus and plaque, and also the inflammation of the gums. It affects the entire mouth and makes teeth to be very loose.
Causes of gum diseases in children.
The main cause of periodontal disease in children is the build-up of plaque (bacteria) that comes as a result of poor dental care. Some things may increase the chances of your kid being infected with gum disease. These include:
- Stuck of food in the gums
- Certain genes
- Mouth breathing
- Poor diet
- Hormonal changes in his/her body
- Systemic or autoimmune diseases
- Certain medications that cause overgrowth of the gums
Signs and symptoms of gum diseases in children
They include the following:
- Sore, swollen and red gums
- Bleeding while either flossing or brushing
- Receding Gums
- Separating or loose teeth
- Bad breath
- Puss appearance between the gums and the teeth
- A change in jaw alignment
How to diagnose and treat gum disease in children
It is advisable to take your kid to a professional dentist who can advise you accordingly. Here you will provide a history of the gum disease and possibly allow your child to go for x-rays and this will allow periodontist to examine and treat your child. Early treatment is always encouraged.
How to prevent gum disease in children
- Flosses on a daily basis
- Go for a regular checkup to a dentist
- Consume healthy food and limit those with high starch and sugar
- Brush teeth daily using the right brush.
- Prioritize the health of your child by embracing positive dentist’s advice.